In his writing, Shakespeare, as poet and playmaker, uses both marble and wax. He was "preoccupied with esthetic reproduction," Callaghan said. In the play "Romeo and Juliet" one character said, "Why he is a man of wax."
Another line from the play is "Thy marble shape is but a form of wax."
Callaghan used tombs to illustrate her power point presentation, saying "stone becomes flesh; it becomes art." She spoke quickly in clipped British English as she used much alliteration to wax and stone. She said, "Perhaps all art is wax -- permeable, temporary, fragile and brittle, a transitory effigy. Even stone will ultimately succumb to the effects of time. All this is cause of mourning; the infinite malleability of wax before the advent of paper . . . a reminder that writing was once an art."
As for marble, she spoke of its permanence and power, giving example after example of the alliteration of wax and marble in poems and plays, and used an image of Queen Elizabeth as sculpted in Madam Taussad's Wax Museum in London.
What is Callaghan currently occupied with? She continues her interest in Shakespeare, writing on art and Shakespeare and the notion of what he was like. "Shakespeare was a play maker; he was not as exalted as we imagine during his time," she said, quoting Ben Jonson, dramatist, playwright, poet and competitor to Shakespeare: " 'look not on his picture but his book.' "
Callaghan was educated at the University of Newcastle Upon Tyne and Bowling Green State and Sussex universities as well as attending three Shakespeare Summer School sessions at Cambridge University, where she is a life member of Clare Hall. Her book in progress is titled: "To the Life: Shakespeare and the Renaissance Problem of Representation."
The late Mary Marshall
Mary Hatch Marshall joined the faculty of Syracuse University in 1948, retiring from full time teaching in 1970. She then taught through 1993 for University College's Humanistic Studies Program. Brilliant and inspirational, through her 69-year career, she attracted legions of students who considered her their favorite all-time teacher. Some of them, affectionately known as "Mary Marshall groupies," were present at Callaghan's talk. She was a founder of the university's Library Associates.
On May 2 Jessica Kuskey, a doctoral student in English at the university, will receive the Mary Hatch Marshall Essay Award at SU Library Associates annual spring luncheon. The award was established in 2004 to honor and perpetuate Marshall's scholarly standards and generous spirit.